Once upon a time, at the height of the Mad Men era, an American marketing professor and author named Jerome McCarthy was hard at work and introduced the concept of “The Four Ps” of marketing (product, price, place, and promotion). Since the years of shift dresses, mid-century modern appointed Madison Avenue offices that permitted smoking, the 4 Ps have become a ubiquitous and timeless staple of marketing that has never gone out of style.
Nearly every ad agency, marketing department and academic still considers the 4Ps to be a cult classic -- the right foundation -- or even recipe -- for unearthing points of differentiation and building a solid marketing plan and positioning strategy.
Admittedly, I’m a longstanding adopter and proponent of the 4 Ps of marketing. But what I’ve come to realize since focusing on marketing to Gen Z, is that those 4 Ps start to show their Mad Men roots when you look at evolving consumer behaviors and adoption of different platforms.
While some can argue these elements fall under Place or Promotion, I feel pretty strongly that we’re at a crossroads where we need to look at the Ps with a fresh set of eyes, namely when we market to our favorite digital darlings: Gen Z.
Anyone who is an active reader of this blog knows that Gen Z is often referred to as having an 8-second attention span. Zs want brands to mean something and embody their values. And as we’ve written here before, they don’t want your marketing strategy -- instead they want to be a part of it. If Mr. McCarthy was still around today, I’d love to grab a coffee with him and propose a 21st century evolution to the 4 Ps and introduce P#5: Participation.
Let’s take a look at how and why this makes sense. Any peruser of Gen Z Insights or youth marketer knows the days of the one-size-fits-all marketing approach are long gone. We all hear the latest marketing buzzwords about sophisticated segmentation, AI, AR and VR -- and all that’s fine and good -- but we’ve also heard the expression “ A fool with tools is still a fool. You've just made them more efficient.” While new tools and technology are great -- If you’re not paying attention to one of the most fundamental traits that truly sets Gen Z apart from prior generations-- you’re doing yourself, your brand and Zers a disservice.
So what do I exactly mean when I say “participation”? You might automatically think social media -- and yes, while that’s true, that’s just the beginning. Gen Zers want their opinions to be heard and they want brands to just “get them” -- especially since they are increasingly immune to advertising.
Some brands have already recognized and adopted what I’m calling the participation trend and incorporate it into their marketing efforts. TOMS shoes and Warby Parker with their one-for-one modes create a sense of belonging and do-good. To go a step further, take Target, an early adopter of this trend, who in 2010, pledged to donate $500 million to education and launched a college acceptance letter competition. During the campaign, consumers were asked to submit videos of them opening their college acceptance letters and then Target showcased some of the most compelling entries via a commercial. While this was done 8 year ago, this isn’t the first time Target’s been at the forefront of the participation trend. They recently announced three separate clothing lines designed just for Gen Z, and have even solicited design advisory boards consisting of Gen Z influencers.
So, what’s a marketer to do when it comes to Gen Z? The old notion if you build it they will come, doesn’t necessarily apply. Our recommendation? Take a look at your Ps:
And lastly, if you want to know a bit more about Gen Z and what they want, have a watch and hear from them directly.
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